Testosterone is the major sex hormone in men, and it is responsible for the creation of the male sexual characteristics. Women also produce testosterone in smaller quantities. Testosterone, a part of a hormone class referred to as androgens, is actually created by the testicles based on stimulation by the pituitary gland.The pituitary gland is located near the base of the brain, and it transmits signals into a male's testicles (or to a woman's ovaries) which ignite emotions associated with sexual desire.
In men, testosterone performs an essential part in puberty, the time when a kid grows to sexual maturity and he can reproduce. The following alterations usually occur during this life stage:
- The penis and testicles develop
- Facial, pubic, and body hair grow
- The voice deepens
- Muscles and bones turned become stronger
- Height will increase
Soon after puberty, testosterone assists to manage the following bodily processes:
- Production of red blood cells
- Bone thickness
- Fat circulation
- Muscle durability and size
- Facial and body hair
- Sperm production
- Sex drive
Testosterone levels eventually decrease in males as a normal part of getting older. By age 45, this begins dropping by about one percent per year.Based on a study released in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, however, it is broadly recognized that levels might begin to decrease whenever a man is within his 30’s.
Lifestyle elements also have an effect on testosterone production, such as working out too much or not eating a healthy and balanced diet.
What is "Low T"?
In certain cases, reduced levels of testosterone (also known as low T) might be the result of a medical condition referred to as hypogonadism, which takes place when the body doesn't produce usual levels of the hormone. It occurs if there is an issue with the testicles or the pituitary gland which makes it incapable to produce usual levels of testosterone. Signs and symptoms of low T differ based on the reason behind the issue and also the age when it takes place.
In males who are middle-aged and past, signs and symptoms may include:
- Low energy and stressed out mood
- Sleeping disorders
- Low libido
- Issues having or maintaining a penile erection
- Reduced sperm fertility
- Loss of muscle mass and bone strength
Not every male with age-related low testosterone will encounter any signs and symptoms, and others aren’t troubled by them. Troubles with energy, sleeping, and emotional changes can also be theresult of other issues like the negative side-effects of some medicines or too much alcohol consumption.
Testosterone therapy is a revolutionary treatment system for dealing with low testosterone. Testosterone therapy has been used for decades and is trusted by doctors around the world. Most concerns regarding testosterone therapy surround individuals who have self-prescribed testosterone and have abused the hormone to extreme levels.
Fortunately, at Optimal Health, we have a certified network of doctors that are trained to prescribe testosterone. When testosterone is carefully administered by a doctor, risk is minimized and patients are monitored.
In addition, many studies published in recent years have found that testosterone therapy has the potential to reduce heart attacks and has no link to an increased risk of any cancer.
Testosterone therapy has proven to be a safe and effective way of treating
"low T" and has a wide range of benefits.
How can Testosterone have an effect on muscle?
Testosterone Replacement Therapy for Muscle Growth
Though most of the advantages of the testosterone produced in your body happen due to its transformation to its stronger androgen or estrogen, that isn't the case in muscle mass. Testosterone acts directly to induce muscle mass growth, which explains why it's known as an anabolic steroid -even if your body is what's making the steroid itself.
How Testosterone Makes Muscles Bigger: The current concept is the fact that testosterone triggers and boosts the amount of muscle fiber precursor cells, called "satellite cells." Once triggered, these precursor cells may become integrated directly into current muscle fibers for making them bigger (hypertrophy), or the satellite cells can merge collectively and on their own shape brand new muscle fibers (hyperplasia).
Also, testosterone boosts the number of control centers-nucleuses (myonuclei) present inside a muscle fiber, while also increasing the number of accessible androgen receptors that testosterone may bind to within muscle. When coupled with training, which boosts the sensitivity of androgen receptors, and the usage of important amino acids essential to support protein synthesis, the effects of testosterone on muscle mass and performance are considerably increased.
Testosterone is also anti-catabolic since it prevents the capability of catabolic hormones such as cortisol in order to bind to their main receptors. Therefore, testosterone is actually both an anabolic and anti-catabolic steroid, which makes it essential for creating and sustaining muscle tissue, as well as for recovering quickly after a workout.
How Testosterone Makes Muscles Stronger: Right until recently, it was thought that testosterone increases strength and energy by simply growing the size of muscle mass. However, testosterone has been specifically proven to boost the quantity of calcium that's released from the cell, which could increase the pressure of muscular contractions. Likewise, in the latest rodent scientific study, Dihydrotestosterone has been shown to directly stimulate muscle contraction pressure outcome by up to 24-30 percent both in power and endurance muscle fibers.
How Testosterone Boosts Endurance: People aren't only enthusiastic about testosterone's muscle mass building and recovery benefits. Testosterone also increases EPO, which induces red blood cell advancement. More red blood cells means more oxygen-carrying capability inside the blood and to operating muscles. Injecting mature rodents with testosterone has even been shown to increase the amount of fat-burning and energy generating factories (mitochondria) found within cells, and to enhance mitochondrial functionality. If exactly the same processes occur in humans, this could have a very serious impact on overall performance and it is currently a significant topic of anti-aging studies.
How Testosterone Boosts Athletic Performance: As long as testosterone levels are within regular ranges, their level does not appear to impact athletic efficiency in men. Blood gathered from hundreds of male and female sports athletes revealed that, in men, sprinting actions considerably raised bioavailable testosterone, while throwing activities reduced it. In neither case did normal testosterone levels affect the way the athletes actually performed.
Testosterone binds to receptors on the surface of muscle cells and boosts the biochemical signals in muscle tissue that result in protein synthesis. With additional maintenance required (due to lifting heavy weight loads), much more testosterone is employed to allow for much more necessary protein synthesis. More Testosterone means more receptors simply being triggered, and more receptors being triggered means more muscle tissue is being used.
By means of resistance training with weights, you are actually enhancing the bond between the muscular system as well as the central nervous system (CNS). This particular enhancement ensures more muscle fibers become employed. Here is where the trickle-down impact happens, resulting in the significance of testosterone:
More muscle fiber employment means much more micro tears taking place: more muscle tears means much more maintenance needed, these types of maintenance is done simply by protein synthesis - and protein synthesis is the key.
For this reason, exercising hip and legs is so essential for boosting testosterone levels -- since this is such a big muscle group you will have more tears that need to be fixed. So resistance training with weights is effective for your central nervous system which allows the body to recruit more muscle fibers, leading to much more muscle tears, triggering an increased need for protein synthesis which can be reduced by higher levels of testosterone holding to receptors allowing for recovery.
Testosterone replacement therapy is quite widely used to deal with a common condition called hypogonadism—a condition in which an issue with the testicles or pituitary gland leads to the body to fail to create sufficient testosterone. In the past few years, a number of prescription medications have come on the market to treat hypogonadism.
After several medical studies evaluating testosterone replacements used in males with hypogonadism, scientists recognized numerous typical benefits, such as enhanced sex drive, energy levels, blood levels, bone density, insulin sensitivity, and of course, muscle mass.
For many years now, professional athletes as well as body builders have used testosterone to boost muscle growth and muscle performance while decreasing the healing period. The usage of these types of medicines, also known as doping, has been banned in many sports. However, athletes and body builders in particular, are known to use artificial bodily hormones to quickly boost muscle mass.